What is OOPs? OOPs full form explained


OOPs is a fundamental paradigm that is used for software development programs. Programmers recommend it as the standard way of coding. In this article, we will break down all aspects like concepts of OOPs, advantages, uses, languages, etc. Hope the article will help you to know about this paradigm and you can use it successfully on your project or in an upcoming interview.

What is OOPs?

OOPS, full form – Object-Oriented Program system.

OOPS or Object Orientation Programming is a programming model. It makes the design of software using any object rather than logic. Object-Oriented Programming creates data that is unique from the others.

The other object-oriented programming languages are JavaScript, c++, Java, and python. In OOP, the developer only focuses on objects that they want to manipulate. This program is a common use for the large complex that needs to be updated regularly.

OOPs, full form Object-Oriented Programming only contains data and code. Where the code is processed and the data is the attribute or properties. The main advantage of OOP is that it can modify the data itself. There are different languages for OOPS. Classes based on one of them.

OOPs, involve inheritance, polymorphism, etc in the programming language. It helps in binding together the data and functions. So that no other can access this data.

What are the programming languages of OOPs

The common languages which are used in OOPs are:

  • Java: Java is one of the most common languages used in OOPs full form. This is easy to learn and use. You need to write here once but can use it everywhere. It uses compile-time errors to remove the error-prone codes.
  • Python: This is a general-purpose high-level programming language. This is a free and open-source language. So you can get it from any official website. It works best in creating graphical applications.
  • C++: C++ lets the compilers and developers compile other languages with C++. It works on a basic OOPs concept that makes it flexible for use. Most of the operating systems are written with C++. So the knowledge of C++ is crucial in software development.
  • Ruby: It especially focuses on faster software development. This is the reason why it is called startup technology. The language is portable and can be used on almost every platform.

What are the different approaches of OOPs?

Before you proceed further, you should know all about its approaches. Grasping the knowledge about its concept, you will better understand how it works. So, let’s start by reading its different approaches.


Class is the basic and most common concept in OOP. It only contains numbers of similar entities. Have an example to know the matter. If the class is in the form of ‘ Expensive cars’ then the objects will be Mercedes, BMW, Toyota, etc.

In that case, the properties will be related to expensive cars which include the price of the car. The methods will be performed here as driving, reverse, and braking.


These are instances of the class. The objects can be differentiated with their state and behavior. These are the first things that come when designing a program.

These codes are mainly derived from the process of orientation. The objects are made into any generic class. So that can expose the model and reuse the definition of that particular class. The objects of any particular class disclose their methods of data processing.


Inheritance is another core concept of OOP. It helps in deriving data from one class to another class. This process makes a hierarchy of data that shows different methods of different classes. In this process, those who inherit its properties are known as the parent class.


Abstraction is another crucial part of OOP. Through the concept of abstraction, you can show the essential attributes and can hide unnecessary input.  The main work of abstraction is to hide unnecessary data from the users.

It selects data from a larger pool and then differentiates it as necessary and unnecessary. Thus it shows up only the necessary information related to the object of any particular class.


Encapsulation gathers different data and codes in a single unit. It hides the information and protects the data and behaviors from third parties. The process helps in eliminating any type of complexity in software development.

As the implementation details are hidden here, the developer doesn’t require to worry about it rather than concentrating. on operations.


Polymorphism in OOPs full form refers to the addition of data, objects, and functions in different forms. Two types of polymorphism are there which are run-time polymorphism and compile-time morphism.

It needs to take shape depending on the behavior of the user and program mode. While the run time polymorphism can take the required form during the application running. The compile-time polymorphism takes form during its compilation.

What are the top advantages of object-oriented programming

As the name suggests, OOPs break down the program as per the objects on its different classes. This binds the data, operation, and methods in a single unit so that you can access it better. Here we will be discussing all the benefits of an Object-oriented program.

OOPs simply refer to – collecting the data, processing it, and then showing the output. Web developers use OOPs for different uses. Let’s have the advantages of OOPs.


It allows using the facilities again and again. This cuts out the time for building them many times. However, class is the most important part here as it stores everything. You can use the data as many times as you want.

It can maintain the codes

The major benefit of OOPs is the maintenance of the codes. It reduces the rework of the developers in different ways. Using OOPs, the user can easily maintain the existing code and can update it with new changes further.

Fully secured data

The abstraction concept on OOPs exposes limited data to third parties. So, you can control the data exposure.

Benefits in designing

OOPs, offer ample benefits in designing and fixing things for the users. It forces the designers to have only widespread design idioms. Thus when it reaches a critical limit, the user can easily differentiate the non-stop’s one.

Easy troubleshoot

If something has gone wrong in your programming, you may get confused about where to look for. But using OOPs, you can easily find one in its specific class. As an example, for the car object, you will surely find it in the car class. This is the magic of encapsulation.

The OOPs have a different concept for working. They each maintain their functionality and let the other do it in their way.

Other benefits:

OOPs have several benefits in the world of software programming. Apart from the above benefits, it also has more benefits which are:

  • The languages of OOPs break down the program through different concepts. The problems get bit-sized which is easy to solve.
  • The organized method of OOPs increase productivity and decrease the maintenance cost eventually.
  • In OOPs, the multiple objects stay together and they don’t interfere with others.

Final words

This is everything that you should know about OOPs. OOPs have a great contribution to the world of software development. The use of OOPs technology depends upon the preference of the developer as well as the type of the project. However, this technology is still in its developing state. So, we can expect a few more excellent up-gradations on it in just a few years. To get more updates, you must follow our page.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)-:

What do you mean by OOPs?

OOPs, refer to an Object-oriented Programming System that uses specialized language to use an object in programming. OOP is specially used to design a software problem in a simple and reusable masterpiece. It uses the four ms in concepts of classes to design the program.

What are the 4 OOPs concepts?

There are four real-life characteristics or 4 concepts of OOPs. They are:

Abstraction: The abstraction method only works to show the essential components while hiding the nonessential ones.

Encapsulation: The encapsulation method refers to the bundling of data and the methods that pursue that data.

Inheritance: Through the inheritance process, it derives new classes from another existing class. This forms a configuration of the class.

Polymorphism: Polymorphism is used to send messages to different classes. Every class object responds as per the message of the class.

What is the purpose of OOPs?

OOPs, contain data and methods based on the object concept. It helps in increasing the flexibility and productivity of any program. This is one of the most popular programs that developers use in their careers.

Why is it called OOPs?

Object-oriented programming contains functionality and class objects. The objection includes different characteristics and behavior with the identifiable entity.

In that case, the object characteristics are here exposed with its data and behavior associated with operation. It works as an object-oriented approach, so the name is given OOPs.